Archive for May, 2013


It’s time to change that default admin password before you get hacked

Hackers have been hacking wireless networks for a long time, but they don’t even need to hack your wireless if you never changed your wireless router’s admin password from its default value.
If you never changed the admin password on your router after you set it up the first time, then you all the hacker needs to do is look up the default password and log in. There are lists on the internet that provide hackers with the default admin passwords for most commercially available
routers on the market today. Just Google: “Default Router Password List” and you’ll find several sites that provide the default passwords for just about every major brand of wireless router available.
Other sources of default admin passwords include downloadable PDF manuals available in the support section of most router manufacturer websites.
If you’re like many people, when you first setup your router you plugged it in, followed a couple of steps on a quick setup card, and everything just started working.
You may have not gone back to change the admin password after you used it to setup the router.
Here are the general steps you will need to follow in order to change and/or reset the password on your wireless router: If you have completely lost the password that you set and need to set the router back to its factory default password, perform the following steps:–
Below are general instructions only.

Directions vary by make and model of router. Please consult your router’s operating manual before performing any kind of reset procedure, and always follow proper safety precautions indicated in your router’s documentation.


PLEASE NOTE: The first step in this process will wipe out all of your router’s configuration settings and set them back to their out-of-the-box factory defaults. You will have to change all your routers settings such as your wireless network SSID, password, encryption settings, etc, after performing this step.

1. Press and hold the reset button on the back of your wireless router.
You will probably have to hold the reset button from 10 to 30 seconds depending on your brand of router. If you hold it for too short a time it will simply reset the router but won’t revert back to its factory default settings. On some routers you may have to use a pin or thumbtack to press the button if it is recessed inside the router.

2. Connect a computer to one of your router’s Ethernet ports (but not the one that says WAN)
Most router’s have a web browser- accessible administrator page that you must log in to in order to access the router’s configuration. settings. Some routers disable administration via wireless, so you will need to ensure that you are connected to the router via an Ethernet cable before attempting to access the router’s configuration page.

3. In the browser address bar, enter the IP address of your router’s administration interface
Most routers have what is called a non-routable internal IP address such as or This is an internal address that cannot be accessed from the internet.
Here are the standard admin interface addresses used by some of the more popular wireless router manufactures. You may have to consult your specific router’s manual for the correct address. The following list is some of the default IP addresses based on my research and may not be accurate for your specific make or model:

Linksys – or
DLink – or
Apple –
Buffalo –
Netgear – or

4. Enter the default administrator login name (usually “admin”) followed by the default administrator password.
You can locate the the default admin name and password for your specific router by checking the manufacturer’s website or by Googling “Default Admin Password” followed by your router’s brand name and model.

5. Click on the “Admin” page from your router’s configuration page and create a strong password

Be sure you enter a strong complex password for your router’s admin password. If you ever looe this password you will have to repeat the steps above.
If you didn’t lose you router password but just don’t know how to change it, you can skip steps 1 and 2 and enter the admin user name and password that you have into step 4. This will allow you to change your wireless router’s password without wiping out all your other router’s settings




Wisdom is wealth! One thing I respect deeply about Africa is the treasure of wisdom our ancestors have handed down to us. While some of our leaders may have forgotten them, the rest of us don’t need to. From prudent sayings on wisdom itself, to judicious encouragements, warnings and even quirky advice on learning, patience, unity, wealth, poverty, community, family, love and marriage, these quotes will inspire you to be the best you can possibly be.


When you follow in the path of your father, you learn to walk like him. ~Ashanti Proverb

Photography by Eric Lafforgue –

African Quotes on Wisdom

  • Wisdom is wealth. ~ Swahili
  •  Wisdom is like a baobab tree; no one individual can embrace it. ~ Akan proverb
  •  The fool speaks, the wise man listens. ~ Ethiopian proverb
  • Wisdom does not come overnight. ~ Somali proverb
  • The heart of the wise man lies quiet like limpid water. ~ Cameroon proverb
  • Wisdom is like fire. People take it from others. ~ Hema (DRC) proverb
  • Only a wise person can solve a difficult problem. ~ Akan proverb
  • Knowledge without wisdom is like water in the sand. ~ Guinean proverb
  • In the moment of crisis, the wise build bridges and the foolish build dams. ~ Nigerian proverb
  • If you are filled with pride, then you will have no room for wisdom. ~ African proverb
  • A wise person will always find a way. ~ Tanzanian proverb
  • Nobody is born wise. ~ African proverb 
  • A man who uses force is afraid of reasoning. ~Kenyan proverb
  • Wisdom is not like money to be tied up and hidden. ~ Akan proverb

African Quotes on Learning

  • Learning expands great souls. ~ Namibian proverb
  • To get lost is to learn the way. ~ African proverb
  • By crawling a child learns to stand. ~ African proverb
  • If you close your eyes to facts, you will learn through accidents. ~ African proverb
  • He who learns, teaches. ~ Ethiopian proverb
  • Wealth, if you use it, comes to an end; learning, if you use it, increases. ~ Swahili proverb
  • By trying often, the monkey learns to jump from the tree. ~ Buganda proverb
  • You always learn a lot more when you lose than when you win. ~ African proverb
  • You learn how to cut down trees by cutting them down. ~ Bateke proverb
  • The wise create proverbs for fools to learn, not to repeat. ~ African proverb
  • What you help a child to love can be more important than what you help him to learn. ~African proverb
  • By the time the fool has learned the game, the players have dispersed. ~Ashanti proverb
  • One who causes others misfortune also teaches them wisdom. ~ African proverb
  • You do not teach the paths of the forest to an old gorilla. ~Congolese proverb
  • What you learn is what you die with. ~ African proverb
  • Instruction in youth is like engraving in stone. ~Moroccan Proverb
  • When you follow in the path of your father, you learn to walk like him. ~Ashanti Proverb
  • Ears that do not listen to advice, accompany the head when it is chopped off. ~African Proverb
  • Advice is a stranger; if he’s welcome he stays for the night; if not, he leaves the same day. ~Malagasy Proverb
  • Traveling is learning. ~Kenyan Proverb
  • Where there are experts there will be no lack of learners. ~Swahili Proverb

African proverbs on Peace and Leadership

  • Peace is costly but it is worth the expense. ~Kenyan proverb
  • War has no eyes ~ Swahili saying
  • When a king has good counselors, his reign is peaceful. ~Ashanti proverb
  • Peace does not make a good ruler. ~Botswana proverb
  • A fight between grasshoppers is a joy to the crow. ~ Lesotho proverb
  • There can be no peace without understanding. ~Senegalese proverb
  • Milk and honey have different colors, but they share the same house peacefully. ~ African proverb
  • If you can’t resolve your problems in peace, you can’t solve war. ~ Somalian proverb
  • When there is peace in the country, the chief does not carry a shield. ~Ugandan proverb
  • When two elephants fight, it is the grass that gets trampled.  ~ Swahili saying
  • Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far. ~ West African proverb
  • He who thinks he is leading and has no one following him is only taking a walk. ~ Malawian proverb
  • An army of sheep led by a lion can defeat an army of lions led by a sheep. ~ Ghanaian proverb
  • He who is destined for power does not have to fight for it. ~ Ugandan proverb
  • Do not forget what is to be a sailor because of being a captain yourself. ~ Tanzanian proverb
  • Without a leader, black ants are confused. ~Ugandan proverb
  • He who refuses to obey cannot command. ~ Kenyan proverb
  • He who fears the sun will not become chief. ~Ugandan proverb
  • A large chair does not make a king. ~ Sudanese proverb
  • Because he lost his reputation, he lost a kingdom. ~ Ethiopian proverb
  • Where a woman rules, streams run uphill. ~ Ethiopian proverb
  • A leader who does not take advice is not a leader. ~ Kenyan proverb
  • If the cockroach wants to rule over the chicken, then it must hire the fox as a body-guard. ~ Sierra Leone proverb

African Quotes on Unity and Community

  • Unity is strength, division is weakness. ~ Swahili proverb
  • Sticks in a bundle are unbreakable. ~ Bondei proverb
  • It takes a village to raise a child. ~ African proverb
  • Cross the river in a crowd and the crocodile won’t eat you. ~ African proverb
  • Many hands make light work. ~ Haya (Tanzania) proverb
  • Where there are many, nothing goes wrong. ~ Swahili proverb
  • Two ants do not fail to pull one grasshopper. ~ Tanzanian proverb
  • A single bracelet does not jingle. ~ Congolese proverb
  • A single stick may smoke, but it will not burn. ~ African proverb
  • If you want to go quickly, go alone. If you want to go far, go together. ~ African proverb

African Quotes on Family

  • A family is like a forest, when you are outside it is dense, when you are inside you see that each tree has its place. ~ African Proverb
  • A united family eats from the same plate. ~ Baganda proverb
  • A family tie is like a tree, it can bend but it cannot break. ~ African proverb
  • If I am in harmony with my family, that’s success. ~ Ute proverb
  • Brothers love each other when they are equally rich. ~ African proverb
  • Dine with a stranger but save your love for your family. ~ Ethiopian proverb
  • There is no fool who is disowned by his family. ~ African proverb
  • Home affairs are not talked about on the public square. ~ African proverb
  • If relatives help each other, what evil can hurt them? ~ African proverb
  • He who earns calamity, eats it with his family. ~ African proverb
  • Dine with a stranger but save your love for your family. ~ Ethiopian proverb
  • The old woman looks after the child to grow its teeth and the young one in turn looks after the old woman when she loses her teeth. ~ Akan (Ghana, Ivory Coast) proverb
  • When brothers fight to the death, a stranger inherits their father’s estate. ~ Ibo proverb
  • Children are the reward of life. ~ African proverb

African Proverbs on Friendship

  • To be without a friend is to be poor indeed.  ~ Tanzanian proverb
  • Hold a true friend with both hands. ~ African proverb
  • The friends of our friends are our friends.  ~ Congolese proverb
  • A friend is someone you share the path with. ~ African proverb
  • Show me your friend and I will show you your character. ~ African proverb
  • Return to old watering holes for more than water; friends and dreams are there to meet you. ~ African proverb
  • Between true friends even water drunk together is sweet enough. ~ African proverb
  • A small house will hold a hundred friends. ~ African proverb
  • A close friend can become a close enemy.~ African proverb
  • Bad friends will prevent you from having good friends.  ~ Gabon proverb

African Proverbs on Money, Wealth, Riches and Poverty

  •  Make some money but don’t let money make you. ~ Tanzania
  • It is no shame at all to work for money. ~ Africa
  • He who loves money must labor. ~ Mauritania
  • By labor comes wealth. ~ Yoruba
  • Poverty is slavery. ~Somalia
  • One cannot both feast and become rich. ~ Ashanti
  • One cannot count on riches. ~ Somalia
  • Money is sharper than the sword. – Ashanti
  • A man’s wealth may be superior to him. ~ Cameroon
  • The rich are always complaining. ~ Zulu
  • The wealth which enslaves the owner isn’t wealth. ~ Yoruba
  • The poor man and the rich man do not play together. ~ Ashanti
  • Lack of money is lack of friends; if you have money at your disposal, every dog and goat will claim to be related to you. ~ Yoruba
  • With wealth one wins a woman. ~ Uganda
  • Dogs do not actually prefer bones to meat; it is just that no one ever gives them meat. ~ Akan
  • A real family eats the same cornmeal. ~ Bayombe
  • If your cornfield is far from your house, the birds will eat your corn. ~ Congo
  • Money can’t talk, yet it can make lies look true. ~ South Africa
  • One cannot count on riches. ~ Somalia
  • Money is not the medicine against death. ~ Ghana
  • He who receives a gift does not measure. ~ Africa
  • Much wealth brings many enemies. – Swahili
  • There is no one who became rich because he broke a holiday, no one became fat because he broke a fast. ~ Ethiopia
  • What you give you get, ten times over. ~ Yoruba
  • Greed loses what it has gained. ~ Africa
  • You become wise when you begin to run out of money. ~ Ghana
  • If ten cents does not go out, it does not bring in one thousand dollars. ~ Ghana
  • You should not hoard your money and die of hunger. – Ghana
  • Wealth diminishes with usage; learning increases with use. ~ Nigeria
  • Wisdom is not like money to be tied up and hidden. ~ Akan
  • Having a good discussion is like having riches ~ Kenya
  • Knowledge is better than riches. ~ Cameroon
  • You must act as if it is impossible to fail. ~ Ashanti
  • Do not let what you cannot do tear from your hands what you can. ~ Ashanti

African Proverbs on Beauty

  • One who plants grapes by the road side, and one who marries a pretty woman, share the same problem. ~Ethiopian Proverb
  • Beautiful from behind, ugly in front. ~Uganda Proverb
  • The skin of the leopard is beautiful, but not his heart. ~Baluba proverb
  • Ugliness with a good character is better than beauty. ~Nigerian Proverb
  • A beautiful one hurts the heart. ~African Proverb
  • Anyone who sees beauty and does not look at it will soon be poor. ~Yoruba Proverb
  • The surface of the water is beautiful, but it is no good to sleep on. ~Ghanaian Proverb
  • If there is character, ugliness becomes beauty; if there is none, beauty becomes ugliness. ~Nigerian Proverb
  • You are beautiful, but learn to work, for you cannot eat your beauty. ~Congolese Proverb
  • The one who loves an unsightly person is the one who makes him beautiful. ~Ganda Proverb
  • Having beauty doesn’t mean understanding the perseverance of marriage. ~African Proverb
  • You are beautiful because of your possessions. ~Baguirmi Proverb
  • Every woman is beautiful until she speaks. ~Zimbabwean Proverb
  • Three things cause sorrow to flee; water, green trees, and a beautiful face. ~Moroccan Proverb
  • A beautiful thing is never perfect. ~Egyptian Proverb
  • Patience is the mother of a beautiful child. ~Bantu Proverb
  • There is no beauty but the beauty of action. ~Moroccan Proverb
  • Judge not your beauty by the number of people who look at you, but rather by the number of people who smile at you. ~African Proverb
  • A pretty face and fine clothes do not make character. ~Congolese Proverb
  • Youth is beauty, even in cattle. ~Egyptian Proverb
  • A pretty basket does not prevent worries. ~Congolese Proverb
  • It’s those ugly caterpillars that turn into beautiful butterflies after seasons. ~African Proverb
  • The most beautiful fig may contain a worm. ~Zulu Proverb
  • It is only a stupid cow that rejoices at the prospect of being taken to a beautiful abattoir. ~African Proverb
  • A woman who pursues a man for sex loses her spiritual beauty. ~African Proverb
  • A chicken with beautiful plumage does not sit in a corner. ~African Proverb
  • The cook does not have to be a beautiful woman. ~Shona Proverb
  • Beautiful words don’t put porridge in the pot. ~Botswana Proverb
  • She is beautiful; she has love, understands; she respects herself and others; everyone likes, loves and honors her; she is a goddess. ~African Proverb
  • There is always a winner even in a monkey’s beauty contest. ~African Proverb
  • Dress up a stick and it’ll be a beautiful bride. ~Egyptian Proverb
  • An ugly child of your own is more to you than a beautiful one belonging to your neighbor. ~Ganda Proverb
  • Even the colors of a chameleon are for survival not beauty. ~African Proverb
  • Beautiful discourse is rarer than emerald ~ yet it can be found among the servant girls at the grindstones. ~Egyptian Proverb
  • When a once-beautiful piece of cloth has turned into rags, no one remembers that it was woven by Ukwa master weavers. ~Igbo Proverb
  • A woman’s polite devotion is her greatest beauty. ~African Proverb
  • There are many colorful flowers on the path of life, but the prettiest have the sharpest thorns. ~African Proverb
  • He who marries a beauty marries trouble. ~Nigerian Proverb
  • Despite the beauty of the moon, sun and the stars, the sky also has a threatening thunder and striking lightening. ~African Proverb
  • Getting only a beautiful woman is like planting a vine on the roadside everyone feeds on it. ~African Proverb
  • Greatness and beauty do not belong to the gods alone. ~Nigerian Proverb
  • Roosters’ tail feathers: pretty but always behind. ~Malagasy Proverb
  • Beauty is not sold and eaten. ~Nigerian Proverb
  • She is like a road – pretty, but crooked. ~Cameroonian Proverb
  • Why they like an ugly person takes long for a beautiful person to know. ~African Proverb
  • If you find “Miss This Year” beautiful, then you’ll find “Miss Next Year” even more so. ~Nigerian Proverb
  • The beauty of a woman becomes useless if there is no one to admire it. ~African Proverb

African Love and Marriage Quotes

  • He who loves the vase loves also what is inside. ~ African proverb
  • It’s much easier to fall in love than to stay in love. ~ African proverb
  • Coffee and love taste best when hot. ~ Ethiopian proverb
  • Where there is love there is no darkness. ~Burundian proverb
  • If you are ugly you must either learn to dance or make love. ~ Zimbabwean Proverp
  • Pretend you are dead and you will see who really loves you. ~ African proverb
  • To love the king is not bad, but a king who loves you is better. ~ Wolof proverb
  • A happy man marries the girl he loves, but a happier man loves the girl he marries. ~ African proverb
  • If you marry a monkey for his wealth, the money goes and the monkey remains as is. ~ Egyptian proverb
  • Love never gets lost it’s only kept. ~ African proverb
  • Never marry a woman who has bigger feet than you. ~ Mozambique proverb
  • One thread for the needle, one love for the heart. ~ Sudanese proverb
  • Love has to be shown by deeds not words. ~ Swahili proverb
  • Love is a despot who spares no one. ~Namibian proverb
  • Marriage is like a groundnut; you have to crack it to see what is inside. ~ Ghanaian proverb

African Quotes on Patience

  • Patience is the key which solves all problems. ~ Sudanese proverb
  • Hurry, hurry has no blessings. ~ Swahili proverb
  • Patience is the mother of a beautiful child. ~ Bantu proverb
  • To run is not necessarily to arrive. ~ Swahili proverb
  • Patience can cook a stone. ~ African proverb
  • A patient man will eat ripe fruit. ~ African proverb
  • At the bottom of patience one finds heaven. ~ African proverb
  • A patient person never misses a thing. ~ Swahili proverb
  • Patience puts a crown on the head. ~ Ugandan proverb
  • Patience attracts happiness; it brings near that which is far. ~ Swahili proverb
  • Always being in a hurry does not prevent death, neither does going slowly prevent living. ~ Ibo proverb
  • However long the night, the dawn will break. ~ African proverb (personal favourite!)

Credit goes to: AFRITORIAL: Posted by: ,.June 22, 2012

I just had to share this…..

1. Hacker :- The Hacker is one of the Security w0rm of Computer, who search for Vulnerability (Vulnerability means Weakness Point of any Program or web application) and Explode it for his Popularity, Profit or warn someone like (Government). Basically Just Hacker word is for Black Hat hackers, All Black hat hackers considered as a Cyber Criminal until they do Cyber Crime such as Defacing websites, Stealing data, Exploding Bank data’s and I-llegal Contenting in Word Wide.
Hacker’s earn in their own way from Internet Marketing service or working for Cyber Hacker’s group such as Anonymous, Lulz Sec or Null/Crew etc.
2. Security Professional :- Security Professional is one of the higher and Greater Security Master, no one is higher then Security Professional, Basically Sec Pro Work for Cyber Space Investigation Department or he search for Vulnerability and solve it to Prevent and Care System. In India there are very less Sec Pro and Cyber Crime in India is increasing day by day, that’s the reason Indian Cyber Space require education in Computer Security.
In today’s generation Indian Cyber Space Demand’s of Security Professional and studies in Computer Security.
In Simple words Security Professional have complete knowledge of Computer Security even more then Black hat hacker’s.
3. Security Researcher :- Security Researcher is also called a White Hat hacker, Security researcher are real Hero of Internet. They search for Bugs or Vulnerability in Website and report it to admin or Cyber Space Investigation Cell. Security Researcher just report the vulnerability and Security Professional Fix the vulnerability and writing of Exploit Code, Security researcher basically are hired by many IT’s Company to save their data and prevent hacking.
4. Certified Ethical Hacker :- CEH is the base of the Hacking field which give you 3 option to become in your Life :-
1.Black Hat
2.Security Professional
3.Security Researcher
And that’s all depend upon you in which field you want to make your future carrier.
All beginners hackers and learner have to start with CEH and get ceritified. It’s just a base to enter’s into HACKING WORLD
{Hacking is an Art it’s depend upon you whether to save the world or do Crime.}





[Radu] spend the first portion of this year building and improving upon this wireless rover project. It’s actually the second generation of an autonomous follower project he started a few years back. If you browse through his old postings you’ll find that this version is leaps and bounds ahead of the last.

He purchased the chassis which also came with the gear-head motors and tires. Why reinvent the wheel (har har) when you’ve got bigger things on your plate? To make enough room inside for his own goodies he started out by ditching the control board which came with the Lynxmotion chassis in favor of an AVR ATmega128 development board. He also chose to use his own motor controller board. Next he added a metal bracket system to hold the battery pack. Things start to get pretty crowded in there when he installed his own Bluetooth and GPS modules…

View original post 55 more words

You’ve read the reviews and digested the key feature enhancements and operational changes. Now it’s time to delve a bit deeper and uncover some of Windows XP’s secrets.

1. It boasts how long it can stay up. Whereas previous versions of Windows were coy about how long they went between boots, XP is positively proud of its stamina. Go to the Command Prompt in the Accessories menu from the All Programs start button option, and then type ‘systeminfo’. The computer will produce a lot of useful info, including the uptime. If you want to keep these, type ‘systeminfo > info.txt’. This creates a file called info.txt you can look at later with Notepad. (Professional Edition only).

2. You can delete files immediately, without having them move to the Recycle Bin first. Go to the Start menu, select Run… and type ‘gpedit.msc’; then select User Configuration, Administrative Templates, Windows Components, Windows Explorer and find the Do not move deleted files to the Recycle Bin setting. Set it. Poking around in gpedit will reveal a great many interface and system options, but take care — some may stop your computer behaving as you wish. (Professional Edition only).

3. You can lock your XP workstation with two clicks of the mouse. Create a new shortcut on your desktop using a right mouse click, and enter ‘rundll32.exe user32.dll,LockWorkStation’ in the location field. Give the shortcut a name you like. That’s it — just double click on it and your computer will be locked. And if that’s not easy enough, Windows key + L will do the same.

4. XP hides some system software you might want to remove, such as Windows Messenger, but you can tickle it and make it disgorge everything. Using Notepad or Edit, edit the text file /windows/inf/sysoc.inf, search for the word ‘hide’ and remove it. You can then go to the Add or Remove Programs in the Control Panel, select Add/Remove Windows Components and there will be your prey, exposed and vulnerable.

5. For those skilled in the art of DOS batch files, XP has a number of interesting new commands. These include ‘eventcreate’ and ‘eventtriggers’ for creating and watching system events, ‘typeperf’ for monitoring performance of various subsystems, and ‘schtasks’ for handling scheduled tasks. As usual, typing the command name followed by /? will give a list of options — they’re all far too baroque to go into here.

6. XP has IP version 6 support — the next generation of IP. Unfortunately this is more than your ISP has, so you can only experiment with this on your LAN. Type ‘ipv6 install’ into Run… (it’s OK, it won’t ruin your existing network setup) and then ‘ipv6 /?’ at the command line to find out more. If you don’t know what IPv6 is, don’t worry and don’t bother.

7. You can at last get rid of tasks on the computer from the command line by using ‘taskkill /pid’ and the task number, or just ‘tskill’ and the process number. Find that out by typing ‘tasklist’, which will also tell you a lot about what’s going on in your system.

8. XP will treat Zip files like folders, which is nice if you’ve got a fast machine. On slower machines, you can make XP leave zip files well alone by typing ‘regsvr32 /u zipfldr.dll’ at the command line. If you change your mind later, you can put things back as they were by typing ‘regsvr32 zipfldr.dll’.

9. XP has ClearType — Microsoft’s anti-aliasing font display technology — but doesn’t have it enabled by default. It’s well worth trying, especially if you were there for DOS and all those years of staring at a screen have given you the eyes of an astigmatic bat. To enable ClearType, right click on the desktop, select Properties, Appearance, Effects, select ClearType from the second drop-down menu and enable the selection. Expect best results on laptop displays. If you want to use ClearType on the Welcome login screen as well, set the registry entry HKEY_USERS/.DEFAULT/Control Panel/Desktop/FontSmoothingType to 2.

10. You can use Remote Assistance to help a friend who’s using network address translation (NAT) on a home network, but not automatically. Get your pal to email you a Remote Assistance invitation and edit the file. Under the RCTICKET attribute will be a NAT IP address, like Replace this with your chum’s real IP address — they can find this out by going to — and get them to make sure that they’ve got port 3389 open on their firewall and forwarded to the errant computer.

11. You can run a program as a different user without logging out and back in again. Right click the icon, select Run As… and enter the user name and password you want to use. This only applies for that run. The trick is particularly useful if you need to have administrative permissions to install a program, which many require. Note that you can have some fun by running programs multiple times on the same system as different users, but this can have unforeseen effects.

12. Windows XP can be very insistent about you checking for auto updates, registering a Passport, using Windows Messenger and so on. After a while, the nagging goes away, but if you feel you might slip the bonds of sanity before that point, run Regedit, go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Software/Microsoft/Windows/Current Version/Explorer/Advanced and create a DWORD value called EnableBalloonTips with a value of 0.

13. You can start up without needing to enter a user name or password. Select Run… from the start menu and type ‘control userpasswords2’, which will open the user accounts application. On the Users tab, clear the box for Users Must Enter A User Name And Password To Use This Computer, and click on OK. An Automatically Log On dialog box will appear; enter the user name and password for the account you want to use.

14. Internet Explorer 6 will automatically delete temporary files, but only if you tell it to. Start the browser, select Tools / Internet Options… and Advanced, go down to the Security area and check the box to Empty Temporary Internet Files folder when browser is closed.

15. XP comes with a free Network Activity Light, just in case you can’t see the LEDs twinkle on your network card. Right click on My Network Places on the desktop, then select Properties. Right click on the description for your LAN or dial-up connection, select Properties, then check the Show icon in notification area when connected box. You’ll now see a tiny network icon on the right of your task bar that glimmers nicely during network traffic.

16. The Start Menu can be leisurely when it decides to appear, but you can speed things along by changing the registry entry HKEY_CURRENT_USER/Control Panel/Desktop/MenuShowDelay from the default 400 to something a little snappier. Like 0.

17. You can rename loads of files at once in Windows Explorer. Highlight a set of files in a window, then right click on one and rename it. All the other files will be renamed to that name, with individual numbers in brackets to distinguish them. Also, in a folder you can arrange icons in alphabetised groups by View, Arrange Icon By… Show In Groups.

18. Windows Media Player will display the cover art for albums as it plays the tracks — if it found the picture on the Internet when you copied the tracks from the CD. If it didn’t, or if you have lots of pre-WMP music files, you can put your own copy of the cover art in the same directory as the tracks. Just call it folder.jpg and Windows Media Player will pick it up and display it.

19. Windows key + Break brings up the System Properties dialogue box; Windows key + D brings up the desktop; Windows key + Tab moves through the taskbar buttons.

20. The next release of Windows XP was codenamed Longhorn,



Bananas help overcome depression due high levels of tryptophan, which is converted into serotonin-the happy-mood brain neurotransmitter.

Eating two bananas before a strenuous workout can pack an energy punch and sustain your blood sugar.

Bananas help protect you against muscle cramps during workouts and night time leg cramps.


Bananas regulate blood sugar and relieve stress, which improves your mood and reduces PMS symptoms.

Bananas are high in vitamin B-6 which helps reduce swelling, protect against type 2 diabetes, aid weight loss, strengthen the nervous system, and assist in the production of white blood cells.

Bananas are full of iron, which helps strengthen your blood and relieve anemia.

The FDA officially recognizes bananas as being able to lower blood pressure and protect against heart attack and stroke.

Bananas aid digestion and help the body get rid of toxins and heavy metals.

Bananas stimulate the growth of healthy bacteria in the bowel as well as assist in absorbing nutrients.

Eating bananas helps prevent kidney cancer, protects the eyes against macular degeneration, and builds strong bones by increasing calcium absorption.


Port Forwarding

Posted: May 28, 2013 in Uncategorized


What is Port Forwarding and what are it’s uses and benefits ??
Port forwarding is used to communicate certain services between two networks which are generally separated with a router. In our example, when we want to use a RAT, your slaves try to connect to your public IP address (your “internet” ip). This is the address of your router. In order to connect your slaves from your router to your local machine, the router needs to know where to send this traffic. This is where port forwarding kicks in.
Let’s say your public IP is. and your local IP is . Your RAT uses, for example, port 100. You have set up no-ip to connect to your public IP address. Your slaves will thus try to connect to which will be translated to :100 (in which 100 is. the port). When your router receives this traffic, you want the router to send this traffic to your local IP address so you can connect the slaves to your RAT client. The only thing your router “knows” is the port. The router will then look in the port table to see which local IP address is associated with port 100. If you have set up port
forwarding correctly, your router will look up port 100 and see this traffic needs to be routed to (your local IP address). I’ve found a drawing to explain it a bit clearer:

Why Do I need to setup a Port Forwarding ??

1. Access to your router : You will need to have access to your router to configure the port you want to forward to your IP address. You can access the configuration page of your router by typing the router’s IP address in the address bar of your browser. If you do not know this address, you can find it by opening a command prompt window (start -> all programs -> accessories -> command prompt), typing “ipconfig” (without quotes) and
pressing enter. The default gateway address is the address of your router.
When you go to this address in your browser, you will probably be asked for a username and a password. When you do not know this, you can try the routers default password. Simply look in the routers manual or download your routers manual from the manufacturers website. Alternatively, you can google your default login or go to

2. A Static IP:
In order to keep your IP address the same as the one in the port forwarding table, you need a static IP address. Most home networks use DHCP, this is a protocol to automatically assign an IP address from a certain address range to a NIC (network card) when the computer boots up. It is possible that when you reboot your pc your router will assign a different IP address to your NIC then you had before, but the port will still be forwarded to your old IP address. Obviously you need to keep the same IP address all the time. First, you have to pick the IP address you are going to assign to your NIC. This has to be an address which is not in use, so you cannot pick an address which is in the DHCP address pool (the addresses automatically assigned to other machines in the network). You can find this address range somewhere in the configuration page of your router. I’ve made a screenshot of my router’s DHCP configuration:
As you can see, my starting ip address of the DHCP pool is and there are 50 addresses in the pool. This means I cannot use all the addresses between and . Note that this may look different on your router. Other addresses I cannot use are other used static IP addresses on the network like which is used by my router. As you can also see, I have a subnet mask of . You will most likely have the same. The subnet mask determines the number of IP addresses in your network. A subnet mask of means all the addresses between and are valid network addresses on your network. Beware: one other address which is already in use is . This is not used by a machine, this is the broadcast address. With this address you contact all the other addresses on the network. This is for example used for messages which contain information about a network change. You’ll never need to use this address yourself, this is all done by services. In my example, is a free address which I’m going to use for my PC. Note that it is possible to have a different IP range on your network, for example 192.168.0.X or 10.0.0.X. Just take the same steps as I’ve done but with your IP range.
Setting up Port Forwarding: In order to set up port forwarding there are 2 things we need to do. First we need to assign the static IP address you just chose to your network adapter. In my case this is . You also need your subnet mask and your default gateway. You can also find this through the ipconfig command. In order to configure your network adapter you need to go to control panel
->network and sharing center. In the left pane click “Change adapter settings”.
Right click the adapter you are using and click properties. You will get this:
Right click “Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4)” and click properties. Now fill in the addresses you have found. For DNS server use the same address as your default gateway.
When you’re done click OK. Now we have configured a static IP address we need to forward our port to this address. You need to go to the router configuration page to do this. This is different for every router, so if you cannot find this yourself you could google “port forwarding ”.

In my router, a Draytek Vigor 2130, it’s under
“NAT -> Open Port”.
I’ve configured it using my port and local IP …
Use TCP+UDP; different rats use different. protocols for different types of transfers, use them both to be sure.
Once you have opened this port to your local IP you’re ready to test your port. You can use a website like . Note that you will need to listen on the port with an application (like your RAT) to get a response. If you’re not listening on your port you will probably get a false negative.