Doctor_patient vs Spanish(Basic Medical Terminologies)

Posted: June 1, 2012 in Health
Tags: , , ,

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At the Doctor’s Office-En el consultorio del médico (ehn ehl kohn-sool-toh-ryoh dehl meh-dee-koh)

Basic medical terminology.

 

Our doctor’s/pediatrician’s                   Nuestro médico/Nuestra médica; name is . . .

                                                             Nuestro/Nuestra pediatra se llama…

                                                            (nwehs-troh meh-dee-koh/nwehstrah meh-dee-kah;

                                                             nwehs-troh/ nwehs-trah peh-dyah-trah seh yahmah…)

 

His/Her phone number is . . . Su número de teléfono es… (soo noomeh- roh deh teh-leh-foh-noh ehs…)

 

(Name) is allergic . . . Es alérgico/alérgica… (ehs ah-lehr-heekoh/ ah-lehr-hee-kah)

 

 to aspirin. a la aspirina. (ah lah ahs-pee-reenah)

 

to antibiotics.                                           a los antibióticos. (ah lohs ahntee- byoh-tee-kohs)

to bee stings.                              a la mordedura de las abejas. (ah lah mohr-deh-doo-rah deh lahs ah-beh-hahs)

to dust.                                      al polvo. (ahl pohl-boh)

to grass.                                  a la hierba. (ah lah yehr-bah)

to peanuts.                              al maní/a los cacahuetes. (ahl mah-nee/ah lohs kah-kah-wehtehs)

to perfume.                          al perfume. (ahl pehr-foo-meh)

to pollen.                         al polen. (ahl poh-lehn)

to shellfish.                     a los mariscos. (ah lohs mah-reeskohs)

I’m sick.                          Estoy enfermo/enferma. (ehs-toh-ee ehn-fehr-moh/ehn-fehr-mah)

Please call the doctor.        Llame al médico, por favor. (yah-meh ahl meh-dee-koh pohr fah-bohr)

I have to go . . .            Tengo que ir… (tehn-goh keh eer…)

 

to the doctor’s office.              a la consulta del médico/de la médica. (ah lah kohn-sool-tah dehl meh-dee-koh/deh lah mehdee- kah)

 

to the hospital.                                 al hospital. (ahl ohs-pee-tahl)

Additional words that you may need include:

Allergy     la alergia (lah ah-lehr-hyah)

antidote       el antídoto (ehl ahn-tee-doh-toh)

appointment       la cita (lah see-tah)

contagious     contagioso (kohn-tah-hyoh-soh)

doctor        el médico/la médica (ehl meh-deekoh/ lah meh-dee-kah)

nurse             el enfermero/la enfermera (ehl ehnfehr- meh-roh/lah ehn-fehr-meh-rah)

office hours     las horas de consulta (lahs oh-rahs deh kohn-sool-tah)

patient           el/la paciente (ehl/lah pah-syehn-teh)

prescription      la receta (lah rreh-seh-tah)

remedies         los remedios (los rreh-meh-dyohs)

specialist           el/la especialista (ehl/lah ehs-peh-syahlees– tah)

vaccination          la vacuna (lah bah-koo-nah)

waiting room          la sala de espera (lah sah-lah deh ehspeh– rah)

wound                    la herida (lah eh-ree-dah)

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Parts of the Body

Las partes del cuerpo

(lahs pahr-tehs dehl kwehr-poh)

ankle    el tobillo (ehl toh-bee-yoh)

arm     el brazo (ehl brah-soh)

back     la espalda (lah ehs-pahl-dah)

blood     la sangre (lah sahn-greh)

brain     el cerebro (ehl seh-reh-broh)

cheek    la mejilla (lah meh-hee-yah)

chest      el pecho (ehl peh-choh)

chin      la barbilla (lah bahr-bee-yah)

ear         la oreja (lah oh-reh-hah)

elbow     el codo (ehl koh-doh)

eye        el ojo (ehl oh-hoh)

eyebrow     la ceja (lah seh-hah)

face       la cara (lah kah-rah)

finger     el dedo (ehl deh-doh)

foot         el pie (ehl pyeh)

forehead     la frente (lah frehn-teh)

hair      el pelo/el cabello (ehl peh-loh/ehl kahbeh– yoh)

hand      la mano (lah mah-noh)

head      la cabeza (lah kah-beh-sah)

heart     el corazón (ehl koh-rah-sohn)

hip      la cadera (lah kah-deh-rah)

inner ear    el oído (ehl oh-ee-doh)

knee     la rodilla (lah rroh-dee-yah)

leg       la pierna (lah pyehr-nah)

lip         el labio (ehl lah-byoh)

mouth         la boca (lah boh-kah)

nail             la uña (lah oo-nyah)

neck             el cuello (el kweh-yoh)

nose           la nariz (lah nah-rees)

shoulder         el hombro (ehl ohm-broh)

skin          la piel (lah pyehl)

stomach       el estómago (ehl ehs-toh-mah-goh)

thigh        el muslo (ehl moos-loh)

throat         la garganta (lah gahr-gahn-tah)

toe          el dedo del pie (ehl deh-doh dehl pyeh)

tongue        la lengua (lah lehn-gwah)

tooth         el diente (ehl dyehn-teh)

waist         la cintura (lah seen-too-rah)

wrist         la muñeca (lah moo-nyeh-kah)

Symptoms

Los síntomas

(lohs seen-toh-mahs)

I have . . .            Tengo… (tehn-goh…)

chills.               escalofríos. (ehs-kah-loh-free-ohs)

a cough.                        tos. (tohs)

diarrhea.            diarrea. (dyah-rreh-ah)

dizziness.                      mareos. (mah-reh-ohs)

an earache.                dolor de oído. (doh-lohr deh oh-ee-doh)

fever.                      fiebre. (fyeh-breh)

gas.       gases . (gah-sehs)

a headache.       dolor de cabeza. (doh-lohr deh kah-behsah)

indigestion.        indigestión. (een-dee-hehs-tyohn)

phlegm.                  flema. (fleh-mah)

a rash.              una erupción. (oo-nah eh-roop-syohn)

a sore throat.  dolor de garganta. (doh-lohr deh gahrgahn- tah)

a stomachache.       dolor de estómago. (doh-lohr deh ehstoh– mah-goh)

I am . . .          Estoy… (ehs-toh-ee…)

anxious.                   ansioso. (ahn-syoh-soh)

depressed.             deprimido. (deh-pree-mee-doh)

dizzy.                  mareado. (mah-reh-ah-doh)

exhausted.            agotado. (ah-goh-tah-doh)

nauseous.             mareado. (mah-reh-ah-doh)

nervous.           nervioso. (nehr-byoh-soh)

out of breath.            sin respiración. (seen rrehs-pee-rahsyohn)

tired.                  cansado. (kahn-sah-doh)

weak.                    débil. (deh-beel)

Verbs

to cough                  toser (toh-sehr)

to faint                 desmayarse (dehs-mah-yahr-seh)

to get dizzy           marearse (mah-reh-ahr-seh)

to sneeze            estornudar (ehs-tohr-noo-dahr)

to vomit               vomitar (boh-mee-tahr)

Illnesses

Las enfermedades

(lahs ehn-fehr-meh-dah-dehs)

acne      el acné (ehl ahk-neh)

asthma        el asma (ehl ahs-mah)

bronchitis         la bronquitis (lah brohn-kee-tees)

chicken pox           la varicela (lah bah-ree-seh-lah)

a cold         el resfriado/el catarro (ehl rrehs-fryahdoh/ hl kah-tah-rroh)

constipation       el estreñimiento (ehl ehs-treh-nyeemyehn– toh)

diabetes        la diabetes (lah dyah-beh-tehs)

flu             la gripe (lah gree-peh)

measles     el sarampión (ehl sah-rahm-pyohn)

mononucleosis        la mononucleosis (lah moh-noh-nookleh- oh-sees)

mumps        las paperas (lahs pah-peh-rahs)

pneumonia       la pulmonía (lah pool-moh-nee-ah)

rubella            la rubiola (lah rroo-byoh-lah)

Recommendations

Las recomendaciones

(lahs rreh-koh-mehn-dah-syoh-nehs)

In order to get better, you    Para mejorarse, Ud. debe… (pah-rah

must . . .    meh-hoh-rahr-seh oos-tehd dehbeh…)

stay in bed.       guardar cama. (gwahr-dahr kahmah)

take care of yourself.        cuidarse. (kwee-dahr-seh)

Here is the prescription.      Aquí tiene la receta. (ah-kee tyeh-neh  lah rreh-seh-tah)

You have to take . . .        Tiene que tomar… (tyeh-neh keh tohmahr…)

antibiotics.             antibióticos. (ahn-tee-byoh-teekohs)

antihistamines.             antihistamínicos. (ahn-tees-tahmee– nee-kohs)

antacids.                  antiácidos. (ahn-tyah-see-dohs)

aspirin.                   aspirina. (ahs-pee-ree-nah)

cough syrup.        jarabe para la tos. (hah-rah-beh pah-rah lah tohs)

penicillin.                 penicilina. (peh-nee-see-lee-nah)

tablets (lozenges).               pastillas de…. (pahs-tee-yahs deh…)

 

He/She has to take the Tiene que tomar la medicina… (tyehmedicine . . . neh keh toh-mahr lah meh-dee seenah…)

every X hours. cada X horas. (kah-dah… oh-rahs)

once a day. una vez al día. (oo-nah behs ahl dee-ah)

X times a day. X veces al día. (… beh-sehs ahl dee-ah)

X times a week. X veces a la semana. (… beh-sehs ah lah seh-mah-nah)

in the morning. por la mañana. (pohr lah mahnyah– nah)

in the afternoon. por la tarde. (pohr lah tahr-deh)

at night. por la noche. (pohr lah noh-cheh)

between meals. entre comidas. (ehn-treh kohmee– dahs)

before breakfast/ antes del desayuno/del almuerzo/

lunch/dinner. de la cena. (ahn-tehs dehl dehsah- yoo-noh/dehl ahl-mwehrsoh/ deh lah seh-nah)

with food. con comida. (kohn koh-mee-dah)

after meals.  después de las comidas. (dehspwehs deh lahs koh-mee-dahs)

 

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Accidents

Los accidentes

(lohs ahk-see-dehn-tehs)

Many of the verbs used to talk about accidents are reflexive verbs. For

example:

to break    romperse (rrohm-pehr-seh)

to burn  quemarse (keh-mahr-seh)

to cut     cortarse (kohr-tahr-seh)

to fall        caerse (kah-ehr-seh)

to hit    golpearse (gohl-peh-ahr-seh)

to sprain  torcerse (tohr-sehr-seh)

 

What happened to him/her?     ¿Qué le pasó? (keh leh pah-soh)

He/She broke his/her . . .         Se rompió el/la/los/las (part of body)

                                                  (part of body) (seh rrohm-pyoh ehl/lah/lohs/lahs…)

He/She has a(n) . . . (part Tiene el/la… (part of body) (tyeh-neh of body). ehl/lah…)

broken                   roto (rroh-toh)

burned                   quemado (keh-mah-doh)

infected                 infectado (een-fehk-tah-doh)

swollen                  hinchado (een-chah-doh)

twisted                   torcido (tohr-see-doh)

It is necessary . . . Hay que… (ah-ee keh…)

to bandage the wound.     vendar la herida. (behn-dahr lah eh-ree-dah)

to clean the wound.       limpiar la herida. (leem-pyahr lah eh-ree-dah)

 

 

Medical Equipment and Devices

Los aparatos médicos

(lohs ah-pah-rah-tohs meh-dee-kohs)

band-aid                               la curita (lah koo-ree-tah)

bandage                                la venda (lah behn-dah)

cane                                     el bastón (ehl bahs-tohn)

cast                                       el yeso (ehl yeh-soh)

crutches                              las muletas (lahs moo-leh-tahs)

stitches                                los puntos (lohs poon-tohs)

thermometer                       el termómetro (ehl tehr-moh-meh-troh)

wheelchair                          la silla de ruedas (lah see-yah deh rrweh-dahs)

 

 

 

In an Emergency

En una emergencia

(ehn oo-nah eh-mehr-hehn-syah)

 

Call 911. Llame al 911. (yah-meh ahl nweh-beh ohn-seh)

The address is . . . La dirección es… (lah dee-rehk-syohn ehs…)

Call the police. Llame a la policía. (yah-meh ah lah poh-lee-see-ah)

There is a fire at . . . Hay un fuego en… (ah-ee oon fwehgoh ehn…)

Call the fire department. Llame a los bomberos. (yah-meh ah lohs bohm-beh-rohs)

Someone has robbed the house. Alguien ha saqueado la casa. (ahlgyehn ah sah-keh-ah-doh lah kah-sah)

There has been an accident. Ha habido un accidente. (ah ah-beedoh oon ahk-see-dehn-teh)

He/She is . . . Está… (ehs-tah…)

bleeding. sangrando. (sahn-grahn-doh)

choking. asfixiándose. (ahs-feek-syahndoh- seh)

dizzy. mareado. (mah-reh-ah-doh)

suffocating. asfixiándose. (ahs-feek-syahndoh- seh)

unconscious. inconsciente. (een-kohn-syehn-teh)

vomiting. vomitando. (boh-mee-tahn

He/She can’t breathe. No puede respirar. (noh pweh-deh rrehs-pee-rahr)

He/She has . . . Tiene… (tyeh-neh…)

a burn. una quemadura. (oo-nah kehmah- doo-rah)

convulsions.     convulsiones. (kohn-bool-syohnehs)

a rash.     una erupción. (oo-nah eh-roopsyohn)

A dog bit him/her.  Un perro lo/la mordió. (oon peh-rroh loh/lah mohr-dyoh)

He/She fell into the pool. Se cayó en la piscina. (seh kah-yoh ehn lah pee-see-nah)

I need an ambulance. Necesito una ambulancia. (neh-sehsee– toh oo-nah ahm-boo-lahn-syah)

Here are some words that can be shouted in an emergency.

Be careful! ¡Cuidado! (kwee-dah-doh)

Fire!      ¡Fuego! (fweh-goh)

Help!     ¡Socorro! (soh-koh-rroh)

Hurry up!    ¡Dese prisa! (deh-seh pree-sah)

Listen!     ¡Escuche! (ehs-koo-cheh)

Look!     ¡Mire! (mee-reh)

Police!     ¡Policía! (poh-lee-see-ah)

At the Dentist’s Office

En el consultorio del dentista

(ehn ehl kohn-sool-toh-ryoh dehl dehn-tees-tah)

Nowadays, going to the dentist is not the unpleasant experience it used to be.

Here are some words and expressions related to dental care:

baby teeth                                      los dientes de leche (lohs dyehn-tehs deh leh-cheh)

brace                                                     el corrector (ehl koh-rrehk-tohr)

cavity                                                            la caries (lah kah-ryehs)

dental floss                                                el hilo dental (ehl ee-loh dehn-tahl)

dentist’s office                                          el consultorio del dentista (ehl kohnsool toh-ryoh dehl dehn-tees-tah)

filling                                                       el empaste (ehl ehm-pahs-teh)

gum la                                                      encía (lah ehn-see-ah)

wisdom tooth                                            la muela del juicio (lah mweh-lah dehl hwee-syoh)

Ouch!                                                        ¡Ay! (ah-ee)

Verbs

to brush your teeth               cepillarse los dientes (seh-pee-yahr-she lohs dyehn-tehs)

to extract a tooth                  sacar una muela (sah-kahr oo-nah mweh-lah)

to fill a tooth                         empastar una muela (ehm-pahs-tahr oo-nah mweh-lah)

to have a toothache               tener dolor de muelas (teh-nehr dohlohr deh mweh-lahs)

to hurt                                   doler (ue) (doh-lehr)

Eye Care

El cuidado de los ojos

(ehl kwee-dah-doh deh lohs oh-hohs)

Here are some words and expressions related to eye care:

contact lenses                los lentes de contacto (lohs lehn-tehs deh kohn-tahk-toh)

eye doctor                      el oculista (ehl oh-koo-lees-tah)

eyeglasses                     los anteojos (lohs ahn-teh-oh-hohs)

sunglasses                  los anteojos de sol (lohs ahn-teh-ohhohs deh sohl)

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